Flexible Bronchoscopy: A Favorable Diagnostic Tool

  • Kausar Rehana Department of Pulmonology, Pakistan institute of medical sciences, Islamabad
  • Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq Department of Pulmonology, Pakistan institute of medical sciences, Islamabad
  • Fasih Hashmi Statistician, CPSP Islamabad
Keywords: Bronchoscopy,, Lung cancer, Tuberculosis,, Hilar mass


Objective: To determine the diagnostic outcome of fiber-optic bronchoscopic biopsy in Pulmonology
department of SZABMU/PIMS Islamabad.
Methods: An observational, cross sectional, retrospective study was conducted at Pulmonology department,
PIMS Islamabad and record from July 2015 to June 2016 was reviewed. Demographic details of the patients, CT
scan, bronchoscopic findings and biopsy outcome and final diagnosis were recorded.
Results: Out of 78 study patients, 78.2% were fall between 36 and 75 years of ages and 75.6% were male. 48.7%
had right sided and 43.6% had left lung lesion on contrast enhanced CT scan. Right hilar mass (42.1%) and left
hilar mass was (35.3%) was the most common among right and left sided lesions respectively. 50% had right
sided, 39.7% had left sided and 10.3% had randomly distributed findings on bronchoscopy. Upper lobe
mass/obstruction was the most common finding irrespective of the side of lesion (right 33.3% versus left 29.0%).
76.9% of the studied population had cancerous outcome on histopathology and squamous cell carcinoma was the
most common final diagnosis (57.4%). Incidence of tuberculosis was very low (n=3). In our study association
between smoking, gender and age with final diagnosis was not significant.
Conclusion: Diagnostic yield of flexible bronchoscopy is good enough, very useful for the diagnosis of
pulmonary lesions and safe as a day care procedure.