Prevalence of Endocrine Complications in Transfusion-Dependent Beta Thalassemic Pakistani Patients

Authors

  • Itrat Fatima Bone Marrow Transplant Center, the Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad,
  • Naila Yaqub Bone Marrow Transplant Center, the Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad,
  • Tazeen Anwar Bone Marrow Transplant Center, the Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad,
  • Yasir Bin Nisar Bone Marrow Transplant Center, the Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad,
  • Sadaf Khalid Bone Marrow Transplant Center, the Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad
  • Sara Gilani Bone Marrow Transplant Center, the Children Hospital, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad,

Keywords:

β-thalassemia, endocrine complications, hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, serum ferritin

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the frequency of endocrine complications among β-thalassemic patients in Pakistan.
Materials and Methods: The current cross sectional study was conducted at the Thalassemia Centre, Islamabad,
Pakistan between October 2013 and March 2014. We enrolled 96 β-thalassemic patients and blood samples were
drawn to determine serum calcium, phosphate, ferritin, parathyroid hormone, free T4, thyroid stimulating hormone,
25-hydroxy vitamin D and random blood sugar levels. Comparison of demographic features and serum ferritin
levels between patients with endocrine and without endocrine complication was done using logistic regression
analysis and odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval (CI) and p-values were reported. The level of significant
was considered at 5%.
Results: Out of 96, 56 (58.3%) were male patients. The mean (±SD) age and ferritin levels of patients was 13.8
(±3.8) years and 4447 (±2945) ng/mL, respectively. Out of 96, 40 (41.7%) patients had endocrine complications –
hypoparathyroidism (24.0%), hypothyroidism (13.5%), vitamin D deficiency (3.1%) and diabetes (1.1%). Thalassemic
patients who had higher serum ferritin levels (3000 ng/ml or more) had significantly higher odds of endocrine
complications (OR 5.42, p=0.038) compared to those who had low serum ferritin levels (<1500 ng/ml) adjusted
for age and gender.
Conclusions: Slightly over two-fifths of β-thalassemic patients had endocrine complication. A quarter of patients
had hypoparathyroidism, while one in seven patients had hypothyroidism. A strong association between the endocrine
complications and a high serum ferritin level was found in our study population. Hypogonadism is picked at
pubertal age group, and Diabetes occurs in second decade and our selected group was mostly prepubertal.

Downloads

Published

2018-11-18

Issue

Section

Original article

How to Cite

1.
Fatima I, Yaqub N, Anwar T, Nisar YB, Khalid S, Gilani S. Prevalence of Endocrine Complications in Transfusion-Dependent Beta Thalassemic Pakistani Patients. Int J Pathol [Internet]. 2018 Nov. 18 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];:77-82. Available from: https://jpathology.com/index.php/OJS/article/view/162