Samreen Riaz1, Saleha Ijaz2, Hina Zafar2, Sameena Gardezi2, Sidra Fareed1 and 3Hafiza Sobia Ramzan
1Kot Khawaja Saeed Hospital, 2Lady Aitchison Hospital, 3Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnoloy, University of Lahore
Introduction: Obesity has been recognized by the World Health Organization as a pandemic nutritional disorder which represents a rapidly growing threat to the health of populations of an increasing number of countries worldwide.
Objectives: The objective was to determine the obesity as a risk factor for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Gestational Hypertension when compared with non-obese patients. Material & methods: A cohort study in which comparison of obese patients versus non-obese patients for developing gestational diabetes mellitus and gestational hypertension was done during November 2019 to October 2020. Results: The results of the current study reveals that mean BMI was as 27.86±4.21 in Group-1 and 26.33±3.87 years in Group-2. Comparison of risk factors (gestational diabetes mellitus) in both groups was done which reveals 15.33% (n=23) in Group-1 and 3.33% (n=6) in Group-2, relative risk shows 3.83, which is significant. Conclusions: The frequency of maternal complications is higher among obese pregnant females as compared to normal weight females.