Size and Duration of Multinodular Goiter Predicts Its Toxicity

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Size and Duration of Multinodular Goiter Predicts Its Toxicity

Abdul Khalid, Murtaza Bukhari, Kh. Imtiaz Ahmed and Ashfaq Ahmed
Department of Medicine, Azad Jammu & Kashmir Medical College, Azad Jammu & Kashmir University
Muzaffarabad

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the status of thyroid function in large multinodular goiters of more than 20 years duration.
Study design: Prospective, observational study
Place and duration of study: Department of Medicine Abbas Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS) Muzaffarabad. The study included data from Jan 2011 to Dec 2012.
Materials and Methods: Patients with large multinodular goiters (MNG) of more than 20 years duration were evaluated for status of thyroid function. Operational definitions as large and moderate size goiters were described. 47 patients, who had large or moderate size goiter for more than 20 years, fulfilled the inclusion criteria for this study. These were evaluated for status of thyroid function.
Results: 96% of patients with large or moderate size goiter of more than 20 years were hyperthyroid.
Conclusion: A large goiter of more than 20 years duration should be investigated and managed with the suspicion of thyrotoxicosis.
Keywords: Goiter, Multinodular Goiter, Toxic Goiter, Iodine deficiency, Thyroid stimulating hormone.

         

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