Prevalence of Arrhythmias and Risk Factors of Arrhythmias in Patients experiencing them in Azad Jummu Kashmir

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Prevalence of Arrhythmias and Risk Factors of Arrhythmias in Patients experiencing them in Azad Jummu Kashmir

Haya Saleem Abbasi* , M Saleem Khan Abbasi**
*3rd year M.B.B.S. Azad Jammu and Kashmir Medical College,
** Professor
Abstract
Objective: Determine the prevalence of arrhythmias in patients presenting to cardiology unit with cardiac complaints at AIMS and assess the risk factors of arrhythmias in those patients.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at Cardiology department Abbas Institute of Medical Sciences Muzaffarabad on 100 consecutive patients of both genders presented with various
heart diseases. All patients presenting to cardiology unit of AIMS after confirmation of functional impairment of heart in the duration of Feb-April, 2015 were included in the study. The age of the
patients ranged (Mean±SD); 18-100 (56.68±14.08) years. 43% of the subjects were male. A questionnaire was designed regarding Arrhythmias ( ventricular or atrial and their further types), blood pressure, diabetes, physical activities , smoking exposure, Rheumatic heart disease, thyroid disease, Coronary artery disease (< or equal to 50% stenosis), Myocardial infarction. Body mass index, Xray findings and ECG changes were noted. Duration of study was 2 months (1 February to 3 April 2015) .The data were analyzed using SPSS 16. Results: Out of 100 enrolled subjects, 30% had arrhythmias, 10% of which had ventricular arrhythmias(7% ventricular tachycardia and 1% with ventricular fibrillation, and 2% with premature ventricular contraction) and 19% with atrial arrhythmias (15% with atrial fibrillation, 3% with supraventricular tachycardia, 1% with long QT interval), and 1% with complete heart block. Among the patients with arrhythmias 81% had hypertension, 32% had diabetes, 24% had high BMI, 34% had family history of coronary artery disease, 46% had MI, about 9% had Rheumatic heart disease, about 11% had smoking exposure, about 3% had thyroid disease, about 40% experienced syncope and 35% had high cholesterol. Conclusion: The prevalence of arrhythmias was 30%. Hypertension and MI were among the most prevalent risk factors in the arrhythmic patients. Keywords: Arrhythmias, Prevalence, risk factors

         

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