Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions
It is important to tell apart interviews as a way of collecting information and interviewing being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two different ways are:
- observation, if the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness associated with event,
- dealing with documents, in which the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.
Kinds of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are divided in to:
- genre (for preparation of text when you look at the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to spot the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them within the text).
The reportage interview had been discussed in the http://mypaperwriter.org/ chapter that is previous. In regards to the investigative will learn in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting as a genre, as being a real means of text formatting by means of questions from the interviewer while the responses regarding the interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the amount of concerns for the researcher is minimized (often they are not any at all), during the other pole – a discussion, when the journalist not just asks questions, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.
The truth that the interview is a discussion, suggests concerning the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. In the usual meeting, the interviewer responses take 70-90% associated with text. A discussion may be conducted by a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so your opinion for this journalist has also been interesting to readers, once the opinion regarding the interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks just as much or higher in an meeting as an interlocutor, this is a sign of inadequate qualification.
Types of interviews with regards to the subject. Subject meeting
According to the subject, you can find three types of interviews:
Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in just about any field of activity. Usually this can be a job interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be linked to this continuing situation. For instance, a police informs how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. The physician describes simple tips to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast how long the crisis is supposed to be from the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on problems that deviate through the interview subject, nor the personal lifetime of the interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling regarding the interview that is subject of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there’s a parsing for the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The subject interview comes to an end aided by the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical guidelines to visitors.
The hero associated with topic interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This is certainly a given information interview, among the news genres. The job for the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the information and information on just what took place. Like in the truth of a professional, the interlocutor’s communication utilizing the topic is first shown, then your topic is deepened, additionally the ending is specialized in general impressions of just what happened as well as the conclusions that the interlocutor made.