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Hepatitis Associated Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia

Nadeem Ikram* Khalid Hassan** and Samina Tufail*

* Department of Pathology, DHQ Hospital, Rawalpindi.

** Department of Pathology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad.

There are numerous associations between

diseases traditionally considered non- infectious

with infectious agents. These include peptic ulcer,

coronary heart disease, neuropsychiatric disorders,

haematological disorders and malignancies. Out of

infectious diseases, viral hepatitis is also associated

with many extra hepatic complications, with articular,

renal, neurologic, cutaneous and haemapoietic system

involvement. Several autoimmune phenomena can be

observed in the course of viral hepatitis, including

cryoglobulinemia, glomerulonephritis, systemic lupus

erythematoses and arthritis. Beside these welldocumented

problems a rare haematological

complication of viral hepatitis is Autoimmune

Haemolytic Anaemia (AIHA).1, 2



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