Hepatitis Associated Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia

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Professor, Consultant Pathologist, American Board Certified Pathologist, Fellow College of American Pathologists. Areas of interest Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology, Cytology, Cancer, Ethics, Islam, Humanity

Hepatitis Associated Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia

Nadeem Ikram* Khalid Hassan** and Samina Tufail*
* Department of Pathology, DHQ Hospital, Rawalpindi.
** Department of Pathology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad.
There are numerous associations between diseases traditionally considered non- infectious with infectious agents. These include peptic ulcer, coronary heart disease, neuropsychiatric disorders, haematological disorders and malignancies. Out of infectious diseases, viral hepatitis is also associated with many extra hepatic complications, with articular, renal, neurologic, cutaneous and haemapoietic system involvement. Several autoimmune phenomena can be observed in the course of viral hepatitis, including cryoglobulinemia, glomerulonephritis, systemic lupus erythematoses and arthritis. Beside these well-documented problems a rare haematological complication of viral hepatitis is Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia (AIHA).1, 2


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