Jabar Ali, Mohammad Faheem, Adnan Mehmood Gul, Shahzeb, Sayed Farahat Abass and
Cardiology Department Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan
Background: Tobacco use is rapidly prevailing globally. There is no large scale planned study available to know
the status of tobacco use in our country.
Objective: Estimate the frequency of various forms of tobacco use in different occupational groups of district
Material and method: A total of 2548 subjects belonging to different occupations including both male and female
were randomly recruited for the study.
Results: Out of a total 2548 persons with median age 37 ranged (12-82) years, there were 1799 non-tobacco users
and 749 were taking tobacco in different forms. The overall frequency of tobacco usage in our society was
determined as 29.4%. Cigarette smoking is the most popular tobacco used by Pakistani followed by naswar. The
naswar is highly liked by cooks (31.5%), followed by sweepers (30.3%), prisoners (28.3%), dairy workers (22.42%)
and teachers (7.32%).
Conclusion: Tobacco use is very common (29.4%) in different occupational groups of Peshawar. The crude and the
most dangerous form of tobacco (naswar) is still under use of