Anwar Ul Haque
Azad Jammu & Kashmir Medical College, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir
Quackery is an unscientific, unproven and non established method of patient management. It may or may not have ulterior motives! If there are ulterior motives then it also constitutes a fraud! Quackery had been in practice all over the world since time immemorial. First documented evidence of effective check on Quackery is by Abbasi Khalifa Walid who is also known to have built first modern hospital about 1300 years back. After death of one patient apparently from maltreatment he constituted a medical board composed of competent well reputed physicians of that era and personally headed the board. After through examination the board would issue medical license without which no one was allowed to practice medicine in the vast Muslim land in which sun never set! Those were the most glittering and glorious centuries of history when the West was in dark ages! (Please see “History of Science: History of Medical Licensing” in this issue of IJP.