Chemodectoma: Diagnosis by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology

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Professor, Consultant Pathologist, American Board Certified Pathologist, Fellow College of American Pathologists. Areas of interest Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology, Cytology, Cancer, Ethics, Islam, Humanity

Chemodectoma: Diagnosis by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology

Shabana Nauman, Asma Naseer Cheema, Anwar Ul Haque
Pathology Department AJ&K Medical College, AJK University, Muzaffarabad

Abstract
Chemodectomas or carotid body tumors (CBT) are tumors of neuroectodermal cells of autonomic nervous system belonging to family of paragangliomas. Clinically chemodectomas present as cervical swelling in the region of carotid artery. They are diagnosed on histopathology after removal. Here we present a case of carotid body tumor in a 35 year old lady that was diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology. She came with pulsatile lateral cervical swelling. We performed fine needle aspiration cytology using 23 and 29 gauge needles. No complication was noted. The aspirates revealed adequate material containing many polygonal glomus cells with abundant eosionpohillic cytoplasm. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case in the literature in which the diagnosis of chemodectoma was solely made on fine needle aspiration cytology.
Keywords: Chemodectoma, Carotid body tumor, Paraganglioma, Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology

         

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