Compiled by Asma Naseer Cheema
Department of Pathology
AJK Medical College Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir
(Source: Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy and Muslim Academy)
Under the influence of final divine book Quran e majeed and explanations through acts and words of final Prophet of Allah Muhammad p.b.u.h. Sciences progressed with jet speed. The great emphasis on learning, research, honesty, hard work and lack of biases & greed provided the most optimum and fertile soil for growth of sciences and scientists. Numerous outstanding scientists were born in the most glittering civilization under Muslim dominance! We are here introducing Abu Yusuf Ya‘qub ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi, a famous Arab philosopher who was master of many different areas of thought. He belonged to the Arab tribe of Kinda, which had played an important role in the early history of Islam. His lineage earned him the title of “philosopher of the Arabs” among later writers. Although his services were eclipsed by other names in due course of time but he was held to be one of the greatest Islamic philosophers of his time. Yaqub Ibn Ishaq al-Kindi was born in Kufa, Iraq which was a notable place for learning in the 9th century.
This was the ideal place for him to get the excellent education at that time. His father and grandfather had been the governor of Kufa. and their descendants continued to hold important court positions in Muslim times. As soon as he completed his studies in Baghdad he was patronized by al Ma’mun and al Mu’tasim who were Abbasid Caliphs. Al-Ma’mun had appointed him to work at a recognized centre for Greek philosophical and scientific texts translation in Baghdad known as House of Wisdom.